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References

Below is a practical list of sources that ethnomusicologist Dr. Craig Woodson compiled to offer more information for teachers. It is not meant, explains Woodson, as a comprehensive bibliography but as a starting point for research.

For more resources— CDs, DVDs, and websites—for each instrument, click here.

Agnes, Michael, Ed. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Ed. Foster City: IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., 2000.

Blades, James. The History of Percussion. London: The Bold Strummer Ltd., 1992.

Brown Jr., Ernest D. "’Turn Up the Volume!’ The African Aesthetic in Trinidad's Carnival Music." pp. 140-157 in Turn Up the Volume! A Celebration of African Music, Jacqueline Cogdell DjeDje, editor. Los Angeles, California: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.

Courtney, David. Learning the Tabla. Pacific, Missouri: Mel Bay Publications, 2001.

imgDiagram Group. Musical Instruments of the World, An Illustrated Encyclopedia. United States: Paddinton Press Ltd., 1976.

Dick, Alastair, and Sen, Devdan. "Tabla." in The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, vol. 3, ed. Stanley Sadie. London: MacMillan Press, 1984. 

DXT. "The Hip-Hop DJ" in The Hip-Hop Educator's Guide, Cleveland, Ohio: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, 2000.

Eduardo, Chalo and Kumor, Frank. Drum Circle: A Guide to World Percussion. Van Nuys, California: Alfred Publishing Co., Inc., 2001.

Gibson, Gary. "Ellie Mannette on the Beginnings of Pan in Trinidad." in Percussive Notes. April 1986. pp. 34-37.

Hornbostel, Eric M. Von and Sachs, Curt. “The Classification of Musical Instruments,” "Systematik der Musikinstrumente" in Zeitschrift für Ethologie, XLVI, 1914, translated into English in The Galpin Society Journal, #14, 1961, by Anthony Baines and Klaus Wachsman.

Howard, Dr. Joseph H. Drums in the Americas. New York: Oak Publications, 1967.

Keyes, Cheryl L. "Musical Collages of Sound—Technologizing the Band in the Rap Music Tradition" pp. 210-219 in Turn Up the Volume! A Celebration of African Music, Jacqueline Cogdell DjeDje, editor. Los Angeles, California: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1999.

Light, Alan, Ed. Vibe History of Hip-Hop. New York: Three Rivers Press, Book & CD edition, 1999.

Mason, Peter. Bacchanal! The Carnival Culture of Trinidad. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998.

Sachs, Curt. The History of Musical Instruments. New York: W.W. Norton, 1968.

imgSadie, Stanley, Ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. vols.1-3, London: Macmillan Press Limited, 1985.

Stewart, Rebecca. The Tabla in Perspective. Ph.D. dissertation, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, 1974.

Webber, Stephen. Turntable Technique—The Art of the DJ. Boston, Massachusetts: Berklee Press, 2000.

Woodson, Craig. Solo Jazz Drumming: An Analytic Study of the Improvisation Techniques of Anthony Williams. Unpublished MA thesis, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973.

———. “The Effect of a Snare on the Tone of a Single-Headed Frame Drum, the Moroccan Bend Ethnomusicology, University of California at Los Angeles, 1974. 

World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 2003.